Shade net house is a framed structure made of materials such as GI pipes, angle iron, wood or bamboo. It is covered with plastics net (Nets are made of 100% Polyethylene thread with specialised UV treatment) having different shade percentages. It provides partially controlled atmosphere and environment by reducing light intensity and effective heat during day time to crops grown under it. Hence round the year seasonal and off-season cultivation is possible.
Advantages of Shade Nets
- Helps in cultivation of flower plants, foliage plants, medicinal and aromatic plants, vegetables & spices.
- Used for raising nurseries of fruits and vegetable.
- Helps to enhance yield during summer season.
- Protection against pest attack.
- Protects crops from natural weather disturbances such as wind, rain, hail, frost, snow, bird and insects.
- Used in production of graft saplings and reducing its mortality during hot summer days.
- Used for hardening tissue culture plants.
- Helps in quality drying of various agro products.
- Helps in creating favourable micro environment for production of Vermi compost.
Application of Shade Nets
- Nursery propagation, floriculture, indoor plants, vegetables, tea, coffee, spices.
- Hardening of plants.
- Cattle shed, Fish Pond, Poultry Farming etc
- Drying of various Agro products
- Acts as a wind breaker
- Greenhouse, terrace gardening & fencing
- Used as safety nets for building repairs & constructions
- Vermi compost unit
Type of Shade Nets
- Presently shade nets are available in different colours i.e. white, black, red, blue, yellow and green and in combinations:
- Green x Black – cut off unwanted U.V rays and gives aesthetic look. Used in grape for providing shade and helps in drying.
- Black x Black – it absorbs and radiates heat inside the shade net house. Used in nursery raising.
- White x Black – diffuses the light inside the shade net house. Mainly used for flowers such as Gerbera, Anthurium etc.
- Green x Green – enhance the process of photosynthesis in plants resulting better foliage in ornamental plants.